Editing My Assignment Before Handing In.pdf Editing My Assignment Before Handing In.pdf
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Module 6: Reading Techniques

For Contents and Details, check the Course File at the bottom of this page.
The Reading Techniques you always wanted to know for reading faster and being more effective a reader.

Topic, Main Idea (Stated and Implied) and Supporting Ideas and Details

How to Find the Stated MI.docx How to Find the Stated MI.docx
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Click here for a Select Choice on Implied Main Idea. This is a warm up.

Implied MI-Compose-Planets.pdf Implied MI-Compose-Planets.pdf
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Implied MI-Compose-Carnival.pdf Implied MI-Compose-Carnival.pdf
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Implied MI-Choice - Storms.pdf Implied MI-Choice - Storms.pdf
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Implied MI-Compose - Anne-Green-Gables.pdf Implied MI-Compose - Anne-Green-Gables.pdf
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Implied MI-Compose (10 Paragraphs).pdf Implied MI-Compose (10 Paragraphs).pdf
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Theory and Various Exercises.pdf Theory and Various Exercises.pdf
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The Reading Techniques Theory Basics.pdf The Reading Techniques Theory Basics.pdf
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The Reading Techniques Theory Basics.docx The Reading Techniques Theory Basics.docx
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A word about Skimming: general sense of the text [ gist ] and Main Idea [central message]

Description of Skimming

Skimming is used to obtain the gist (the overall sense) of a piece of text. E.g. Use skimming to get the gist of a page of a textbook to decide whether it is useful and should therefore be read more slowly and in more detail, of if, on the contrary, it's really not relevant.

HOW TO USE IT

(1) Read the title, subtitles and subheading to find out what the text is about.
(2) Look at the illustrations to give you additional information about the topic.
(3) Read the first and last sentence of each paragraph.
(4) Don't read every word or every sentence. Let you eyes run over the text, taking key words.
(5) Continue to think and meditate about the meaning of the text.

When to Use It

(1) When one needs to know the overall sense or the main ideas of a text.
(2) When there are large amounts of reading and limited time to review it in detail .
(3) When one is seeking overall message rather than reading for comprehension or pleasure.
(4) When it's necessary to find out if a book should be read at all or in more detail.
(5) When one needs to know if a text may be relevant in one’s research.

Click here for practice on skimming.

A word about Scanning: imagine you are a hunting dog sniffing for your prey. When you scan, you're looking for a specific piece of information detail.


Description of Scanning

Scanning is a fast reading technique. It's a way of reading to look for specific information in a text. Scanning can be used to look up a phone number, read through the small ads in a newspaper, or for browsing TV schedules, timetables, lists, catalogs or web pages for information. For these tasks you don't need to read or understand every word.

Scanning is often confused with skimming, but is in fact a distinct reading strategy involving rapid but focused reading of text, in order to locate specific information, e.g. looking for particular details such as dates, names, or certain types of words. It is processing text at a high speed while looking for answers to specific questions. When you scan, you must begin with a specific question which has a specific answer. Scanning for information in this way should be both fast and accurate. For example, if you need to know the hospital's phone number in an emergency: you scan for numbers in two groups of four numbers each. If you need to find in a text someone's birth date: you scan for month+number. One more: if you need to buy the ingredients for the recipe, your eyes run to the word Ingredients. And there they are. 

Types of materials appropriate for scanning:

  • Simple: lists, dictionaries, phone directory, tables, signs, classified ads.
  • Less Simple: yellow pages, Bibliographies, tables of contents, indexes, websites.
  • Complex: continuous prose - documents, articles, books, long descriptions.
How to use it
  1. Start at the beginning of the passage.
  2. Move your eyes quickly over each line, looking for key words related to the information you want to find.
  3. Stop scanning and begin reading as soon as you find any of the key words you're looking for to confirm the relevance of that line.
When to use it
  1. When one needs to find a particular or specific piece of information.
  2. When one only needs to extract specific details from a text.
  3. When studying or looking to find specific information from a book or article quickly as there is not always time to read every word.
    • For example:
      • The "What's on TV" section of your newspaper.
      • Departure times in a train/airplane schedule
      • Topics of the exam in a content list
      • Homework hand in and midterm exam dates/time in a calendar.
Tips
  1. Don't try to read every word. Instead, let your eyes move quickly across the page until you find what you are looking for.
  2. Use clues on the page, such as headings and titles, to help you.
  3. In a dictionary or phone book, use the 'header' words to help you scan. You can find these in bold type at the top of each page.
  4. If you are reading for study, start by thinking up or writing down some questions that you want to answer (Pre/reading technique here!!). Doing this can focus your mind and help you find the facts or information that you need more easily.
  5. Many texts use A-Z order. These include everyday materials such as the phone book and indexes to books and catalogues.
  6. There are many ways to practice scanning skills. Try looking up a favorite recipe in the index of a cookbook, search for a plumber in your local Yellow Pages, or scan web pages on the Internet to find specific information.
Reading Comprehension

Some Main Strategies for Reading Comprehension

  1. Identify your purpose in reading a text.
  2. Apply spelling rules and conventions for bottom-up decoding.
  3. Use lexical analysis (prefixes, roots, suffixes, etc.) to determine meaning.
  4. Guess at meaning (of words, idioms, etc.) when you aren’t certain.
  5. Skim the text for the gist and for main ideas.
  6. Scan the text for specific information (names, dates, key words).
  7. Use silent reading techniques for rapid processing.
  8. Use marginal notes, outlines, charts, or semantic maps to understand and retain info.
  9. Distinguish between literal and implied meanings.
  10. Capitalize on discourse markers to process relationships.

Module 7: Reading Comprehension

For Contents and Details, check the Course File at the bottom of this page.

What is the topic of the text? 

What is the main Idea?

Put it simply, Topic: what the text is about, the Main Idea is the point of the text, in other words, what is said about the topic. The message, the essence... the juice...

Theory Finding the Main Idea.docx Theory Finding the Main Idea.docx
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01. Exercises on MI.pdf 01. Exercises on MI.pdf
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02. Exercises Implied Main-Idea.docx 02. Exercises Implied Main-Idea.docx
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There are 6 major text types:

  1. Narrative: where a story is told. It uses sequence and order to narrate. It includes any type of writing that relates a series of events and includes both fiction (novels, short stories, poems) and nonfiction (memoirs, biographies, news stories). 
  2. Descriptive: where a description is made, Colors, shapes, places are used. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. ... Most descriptive text is about visual experience, but in fact experience other than the sense of sight, we can also use it to make descriptive text.
  3. Directive: where directions are given. Imperative mode is very common here. They also describe the plans to be done in the future as a way of guideline. Basically they tell you what to do or what you or others will do. 
  4. Expository: where concepts and ideas are presented. Proposals are normal here. This is a type of informational text that provides factual information about a topic using a clear, non-narrative organizational structure with a major topic and supporting information. Expository texts can include topics such as historical, scientific or economic information. The basically present information. 
  5. Argumentative: where reasons are given to convince to do something (like buying a product) or change your mind. In an argumentative text you discuss a subject or a problem, often with no obvious solutions. In this type of text you should discuss the topic from different angles, compare and contrast, and give your own opinions as arguments.
  6. Cause-Effect: Where something is explained and the effects it causes. 
The .pdf file in the pink bubble at your left explains types 1 to 5. The four .jpg files to your right are the material explaining Cause-Effect texts. 
Text_Types.pdf Text_Types.pdf
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cause effect 1.jpg cause effect 1.jpg
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cause effect 2.jpg cause effect 2.jpg
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cause effect 3.jpg cause effect 3.jpg
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cause effect 4.jpg cause effect 4.jpg
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Practice for Midterm Exam #1 on May 14th
Answers.png Answers.png
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Assignment #1
The Arcadians Text.jpg The Arcadians Text.jpg
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The Arcadians Questions.jpg The Arcadians Questions.jpg
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Assignment #2 

The Atlantic Coastal Plain

acprc.pdf acprc.pdf
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Module 5: Pronunciation II
Document to complement your understanding of The Help, a movie portraying the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's in Jackson, Mississippi. 
The Help.docx The Help.docx
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Practice for Midterm II
IPA to English Transcription
Practice MT2 Pronu II ONLY IPA.pdf Practice MT2 Pronu II ONLY IPA.pdf
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ANSWERS WILL BE SENT UPON REQUEST AFTER COMPLETION.

Vocabulary on Consonants
Points and Forms of Articulation.docx Points and Forms of Articulation.docx
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Points and Forms of Articulation.pdf Points and Forms of Articulation.pdf
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Module 4: Pronunciation I

Transcription Exercises
Transcribing to and from IPA. Reading aloud from IPA.
IPA Practice.docx IPA Practice.docx
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gr.phonetics.pdf gr.phonetics.pdf
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Words to IPA.docx Words to IPA.docx
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Song sound to IPA.docx Song sound to IPA.docx
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Type : docx
Full-size image here  > > >
The Vocal Apparatus Labeled.jpg The Vocal Apparatus Labeled.jpg
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Image for practice (no labels)
B&W to label.jpg B&W to label.jpg
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The Respiratory System: 
What happens when we breathe?
Coughing

How does it work...?

Vocal Cords

What Are Vocal Cords?
Steven Tyler's Vocal Folds

Module 3: High Basic

Ordering at a Restaurant - ESL Students

Watch the video and answer the questionnaire.
Ordering in a Restaurant Video.docx Ordering in a Restaurant Video.docx
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Complementary: Defining Personal Space in the US
(for Quiz on Fri 26th)
Etiquette Rules in Personal Space.pdf Etiquette Rules in Personal Space.pdf
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Body Language and Gestures in American English
Quiz on Friday, Feb 26th
Body Language and Gestures.pdf Body Language and Gestures.pdf
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Type : pdf
1. La falacia etimológica
2. Agramaticalidad en los teclados predictivos
De gramatica y etimologia.pdf De gramatica y etimologia.pdf
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Type : pdf
Practice Materials on Feb 3-7 contents
Short Answers
Tag Questions
Agree or Disagree
So, Too, either, neither
 So, too, either, neither

(Examples and Exercises)

Exercise on So, Too, neither, either.docx Exercise on So, Too, neither, either.docx
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Preparation Exercise
Affixes
SuffixMat-1024x724.png SuffixMat-1024x724.png
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preffixes-suffixes.png preffixes-suffixes.png
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Everything You Need To Know About Affixes.docx Everything You Need To Know About Affixes.docx
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Type : docx
prefixes_suffixes.pdf prefixes_suffixes.pdf
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Type : pdf
Affixes in Vocabulary building.pdf Affixes in Vocabulary building.pdf
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Type : pdf
Modal Auxiliary Verbs
What are modal auxiliaries (1).docx What are modal auxiliaries (1).docx
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All_Modals_Explained_Revised.pptx All_Modals_Explained_Revised.pptx
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Type : pptx
Compound Adjectives
( Two-word Adjectives )
Using Hyphens in Compound Adjectives.docx Using Hyphens in Compound Adjectives.docx
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Linking Words
Linking words list.jpg Linking words list.jpg
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25 Tongue-twisters.docx 25 Tongue-twisters.docx
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Type : docx
Participle Adjectives - 2 Lists
Participle Adjectives.docx Participle Adjectives.docx
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Exercise on Aarticiple-Adjectives.jpg Exercise on Aarticiple-Adjectives.jpg
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Syntax - Parts of the Speech
Parts of Speech.pptx Parts of Speech.pptx
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participle_adjectives_short_list.pdf participle_adjectives_short_list.pdf
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Type : pdf
participle_adjectives_long_list.pdf participle_adjectives_long_list.pdf
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Type : pdf
Based on the theory above*
The origin of the name Bluetooth.pdf The origin of the name Bluetooth.pdf
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The origin of the name Bluetooth.pdf The origin of the name Bluetooth.pdf
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Type : pdf
 
 
Module II: Basic English
Understanding the Differences Between Future Tenses
The difference between Futures.docx The difference between Futures.docx
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Modal Auxiliary Verbs
What are modal auxiliaries.docx What are modal auxiliaries.docx
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Type : docx
All_Modals_Explained_Revised.pptx All_Modals_Explained_Revised.pptx
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Type : pptx
Answers to the Listening Exam
Reading: Read this passage and answer the questions. 
Abbu and the Pot.pdf Abbu and the Pot.pdf
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Abbu and the Pot.docx Abbu and the Pot.docx
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ADJECTIVES
Circular
Triangular
Rectangular
Square
Star
Hexagonal
PARTICIPLE ADJECTIVES
Circled
-
-
Squared
Starred
-
Simple Past
SIMPLE PAST TENSE Theory.docx SIMPLE PAST TENSE Theory.docx
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Click on these links for practice online
Used to
Used to.docx Used to.docx
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Click here for Practice
Module I: English for Beginners
Comparatives and Superlatives
THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE.docx THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE.docx
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THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE.pdf THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE.pdf
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Type : pdf
Recipes from Costa Rica 
(Examples)
RECIPES from CR.docx RECIPES from CR.docx
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Type : docx
Tuna dip.docx Tuna dip.docx
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Type : docx
Lemon Pie.docx Lemon Pie.docx
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Type : docx
Can
CAN Modal Auxiliary Verbs.docx CAN Modal Auxiliary Verbs.docx
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Type : docx
Vocabulary of the City
(from Florencia Town by Students in Class on Sept 13th)
vocab_city_Florencia.png vocab_city_Florencia.png
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Vo_City.xlsx Vo_City.xlsx
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Type : xlsx
Parts of the House
The Individual Image Files >>>>>
Parts of the house.rar Parts of the house.rar
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Type : rar
Seasons
Seasons.pptx Seasons.pptx
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Type : pptx
Professions
professions.png professions.png
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Parts of the House
(Click on the image to download the Digital Book.)
The Family
Arbol genealógico - Family Tree.pptx Arbol genealógico - Family Tree.pptx
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Type : pptx
Family Tree (Full) --REVISED--.jpg Family Tree (Full) --REVISED--.jpg
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Type : jpg
Additional Practice for the Midterm Exam of September 4th, 2019
Click on the names to access the exercises
 
Simple Present
(Lists of Links to Select From)
Demonstratives 
Greetings and Farewells
greetings.xlsx greetings.xlsx
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Type : xlsx
Possessive Case
Possessive Case (Spa-revised).docx Possessive Case (Spa-revised).docx
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Type : docx
Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of Frequency.docx Adverbs of Frequency.docx
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Type : docx
Countries and Nationalities
Interchange_I_appendix.jpg Interchange_I_appendix.jpg
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Type : jpg
Verbs
Table of verbs (FULL).xls Table of verbs (FULL).xls
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Type : xls
Interchange Verb List (Appendix).jpg Interchange Verb List (Appendix).jpg
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Type : jpg
Wednesday, August 28th, 2019
Numbers
Clocks for time practice.docx Clocks for time practice.docx
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Type : docx
Simple Present
Jimmy's Agenda (SP).xlsx Jimmy's Agenda (SP).xlsx
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Type : xlsx
Tuesday, August 27th, 2019
Days and Months
Days & Months PRONU.xlsx Days & Months PRONU.xlsx
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Type : xlsx
Monday, August 26th, 2019
The Alphabet (The ABC)
ABC_pronu_AS-IN.xlsx ABC_pronu_AS-IN.xlsx
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Type : xlsx
A as in.png A as in.png
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Type : png
Simple Present Basics
Simple Present Basics ESPAÑOL.doc Simple Present Basics ESPAÑOL.doc
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Type : doc
Simple Present Basics.doc Simple Present Basics.doc
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Type : doc
Exercise
Dawyne Johnson.docx Dawyne Johnson.docx
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Type : docx
Dawyne Johnson.pdf Dawyne Johnson.pdf
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Type : pdf
Numbers
Saying Dates and Numbers.pptx Saying Dates and Numbers.pptx
Size : 552.759 Kb
Type : pptx
Ordinal-Cardinal Numbers.xlsx Ordinal-Cardinal Numbers.xlsx
Size : 14.438 Kb
Type : xlsx
Pronouns
table of pronouns.png table of pronouns.png
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Type : png
Table of Pronouns.xlsx Table of Pronouns.xlsx
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Exercises on Pronouns
Exercise 2 on Subject Pronouns (Select from list.)